As more people become aware of melanoma cancer, more people are searching for the best melanoma cancer treatment. While there are several treatments for melanoma cancer, the type you choose will depend on the kind of melanoma cancer you have and your condition. If you have light skin, you will most likely have more convenient and cost-effective options than if you have black skin or if your condition is severe. The best thing to do is contact your doctor and discuss your options so that you can make an informed decision about your treatment options. Topical agents These are the most common of the melanoma cancer treatments available. They come in a wide variety of strengths and applications. Many topical agents work by inhibiting melanin production or preventing its conversion into melanin. Some topical agents prevent further melanoma growth while others allow the melanoma to grow and proceed as usual. Some topical agents work by improving the body's immune system; therefore, they may help prevent or reduce any other melanoma cancer from forming. Surgical treatments They are often the last resort for people with this condition. The critical benefit of surgery is that it eliminates all of the melanoma cancer from the body. However, there is also a chance that there might still be some mole that is not visible. When this happens, the doctor may also use a laser melanoma cancer treatment to eliminate the remaining melanoma cells. Surgical treatments are very effective in removing all of the melanoma cells from the body. Excision It one other melanoma cancer treatment that is used to remove unsightly moles. The doctor uses a scalpel to cut the mole and then releases it. This is done under local anesthesia and can be very painful. It can take several days to heal, and some minor discomfort and swelling from the stitches will remain. Although surgery is an excellent treatment for melanoma, it is essential to realize that it is a permanent procedure, and you cannot remove the mole from around your body. Laser treatments these are another popular form of treating this type of cancer. When lasers are used, a device heats the mole and destroys it. Although some people experience slight scarring from the laser treatments, most do not. If the mole does not have a high cell count, the scarring is usually very minimal. As with other types of treatments, surgery can be used as a complementary therapy after the treatment. Cryosurgery. In this treatment, liquid nitrogen is injected under the skin in areas where the mole has spread. This liquid nitrogen is hugely cold, and the cells are frozen immediately. Once the cells have been destroyed, the site is sanded, making it smooth once again. Some of the most extreme cases of cryosurgery use a vacuum to suck the cells out. Chemotherapy It works by using medication to kill the melanoma cancer cells. Often, the treatment is given as a single shot, although a combination of shots is also possible. Chemo is often used as a last resort to keep anyone from going through life as an average person, without having to fear what is happening to their bodies. Surgical removal It is an option for anyone with melanoma cancer. If the area is too large or causes other health problems, it may be necessary to undergo surgery. One type of surgery, called a chemoembolization procedure, uses a laser beam to destroy the mole while the surgeon simultaneously removes the infected cells. Another method, known as a melanoma control cryosurgery, freezes the affected area to prevent new melanoma cancer cells from growing. Eye melanoma treatment If you have a mole or freckle in your eye, you should get a second opinion about the possibility of melanoma. A dermatologist can determine whether the mole is melanoma and can then recommend the best eye melanoma treatment. Some dermatologists recommend removing the mole under the eye using a dermatological laser. However, this procedure can be quite painful and can even cause scarring. A more affordable option is a surgical excision where the doctor removes the skin's mole, which can be a more comfortable treatment for you and is less likely to leave scarring. If you have small melanomas, your doctor may recommend waiting and seeing if the melanoma grows. He may recommend that you first get a CT scan to see if the melanoma is benign. If the scan shows that the melanoma is malignant, your doctor will begin several treatment options. Many melanomas are harmless; however, some cancers can be malignant. Waiting to see if the melanoma grows could mean having a smaller chance of removing the tumor and leaving fewer complications.