Have you ever been by experiencing dry patches on your skin? We know that it could actually be worse. Perhaps you have tried using moisturizers and creams, but they have not done much to help, and you only realize minor advancement. In the prominent, dry skin patches can be caused by various reasons, and people deal with their symptoms variously. While it can be a mild issue for some, it could be quite disturbing for others and disturb their daily life activities and sleep cycle. For that, in this article, we will list various causes that might be the primary reason behind your case and provide you with some treatments that may even start with on your own. 1) Causes â€¢ Hormonal changes Many people may not really know this, but hormonal changes can cause dry skin patches on one's body. While it's normal to go through these cycles every month, especially for women, sometimes they can really result in severe symptoms that are too tough to deal with. During menopause, for instance, hormonal changes can cause your estrogen levels to drop significantly; being said that, this can really affect your skin's moisture content and result in dry red, shiny bumps that are itchy. Although these reasons are totally bodily and natural, they can actually result in severe issues that may require medical follow-up to decrease the intensity of itchiness. â€¢ Environmental factors In fact, some environmental factors of dryness can actually make the problem worse because they may limit your skin's moisture content. Mainly, suppose you stay out in the sun a lot or wear heavy clothing. In that case, this can dry up your skin, suck all the moisture out of it and leave it exposed to drying temperatures, which will result in various itchy patches on different parts of your body. It is worth mentioning that extreme temperatures can actually cause your skin to crack. Sometimes, if your body is low on some essential vitamins, that can cause a severe issue. Many dermatologists have also found that some people's dry skin is caused by a deficiency of vitamin B-12. And for that reason, you can quickly test yourself with a simple blood test. If you have low levels, you may wish to consult with your doctor about a vitamin supplement. â€¢ Excessive washing and showering Unlike what any popular you have heard that consistent washing will smoothen your skin, the fact is a little bit different. You should note that regularly washing your skin can leave it feeling dry and irritated and can even cause it to crack. In general, excessive washing can worsen the problem, as your skin will start losing the natural essential oils that it uses to protect itself from external irritants. As a piece of advice, if you think that you need to be taking daily showers, make sure you use a mild detergent or a mild soap in order not to harm your skin that match. â€¢ Harsh chemicals When working with harsh chemicals, such as detergents and bleach while cleaning your house, this can lead to dry skin on your body. You should use a gentle cleanser to wash your skin (make sure that it's not too harsh or it can dry your skin quickly) and try to limit your contact with these chemicals whenever possible. You may also want to consider using mineral oil-free moisturizers rather than regular moisturizers after doing the cleaning. This will help prevent the drying and cracking of your skin. It will also keep your skin soft and moisturized, which is vital if you want to avoid having dry patches on the skin. 2) Treatments â€¢ exfoliation A common type of treatment for dry patches on the skin is exfoliation. This involves using a particular instrument or product to remove the dead skin cells and then replacing them with new ones. Usually, this is done through scrubbing and even exfoliating so that the dead cells are completely removed. However, some people may want to contact their dermatologist before attempting anything on their own. â€¢ Remedies It is quite common that some people choose to use home remedies or herbal treatments. For example, you can use petroleum jelly, olive oil, or baby oil to moisturize your dry patches on your skin. Generally, these ingredients are useful because they have emollient properties and will also moisturize your skin in the long run because they have natural moisturizing properties. â€¢ Mild moisturizers It is worth mention that one should use mild cleansers and moisturizers. This will ensure that the treatments they are applying will not damage their skin in the long run. However, the best cleansers are those without any chemicals that are preferably used after every bath or shower to keep your skin moist for less itching. You may find these in many drug stores. Although they can be given without any prescription, you may want to check with your PCP before attempting anything on your skin; the last thing you want is another skin allergy.